Temas de investigación

Temas de investigación y experiencia

Sostenibilidad, desarrollo sostenible y ODS

When it comes to sustainability, Sustainable Development (SD), education for sustainable development (ESD), and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), I am focusing my research on finding a win-win solution for today’s most complex environmental issues. The goal is to achieve a sustainability level that reflects its three pillars: the environment, the economy, and society. Concerning SD, my research moves from traditional natural resource use to globally sustainable use. Not exclusively for natural resources, but environmental management systems such as solid waste management schemes. Focusing on developed and developing countries in this research work. ESD is another crucial element of these themes. Society must reach a satisfactory ESD level, particularly the younger generation, to raise public awareness and transition to sustainable societies. Their indicators supply a valuable toolkit for the SDGs, which I often use or propose my indicators to measure how far countries, cities, or corporations can reach their SD targets.

Sustainability, overall, is a broad concept. In some instances, it must be defined at the local or regional level. These definitions are crucial because they set up a roadmap for reaching the SDGs. Typically, sustainability issues are complex issues due to several aspects involved: environmental, economic, and social aspects. Therefore, I always suggest addressing sustainability issues with integrated, life-cycle approaches and mixed research methods.

Evaluación del ciclo de vida (ACV)

Evaluación del ciclo de vida



Evaluación del ciclo de vida


Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a well-established method that can support the discussion and evaluation of sustainability issues from an environmental perspective, the achievement of the SDGs, and the assessment and understanding of technology development impacts, how to enhance systems or technologies to lower GHG emissions to mitigate the impact of climate change, reduce their toxicity potentials for both human health and ecosystem, and so forth.

LCA uses Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data to survey and evaluate the diverse impact of a defined product, process, organization, or service. Extraction of raw materials (mining activities) through end-of-life (EoL) final disposal. The EoL is a waste management system; it might consist of some of these technologies: landfills, recycling, incineration, and composting. Therefore, the waste management phase (EoL) is a crucial phase of any technological development. The assessment with LCA can be defined based on the system boundaries and the scope of the study. For example, Cradle-to-Gate (complete life-cycle), Cradle-to-Gate (from raw material extraction to manufacturing), Gate-to-Gate (manufacturing only, transportation only, use only, EoL only), or Gate-to-Grave (the use or production ion to EoL). LCI data is complex and is one of the critical challenges we face when conducting an LCA study on data availability, applicability, and accuracy. LCA is my tool for sustainability and technology evaluation research work and other applications as well. My current research focuses on the applications of the LCA. My future research will focus on contributing to the development of the LCA method itself.

Evaluación del ciclo de vida social (S-LCA)

Es un tema de investigación similar al ACV. Mientras que el ACV se ocupa de los aspectos medioambientales, el ACS se ocupa de los sociales.

Sistemas Integrados de Gestión de Residuos y Residuos de Aparatos Eléctricos y Electrónicos (RAEE; e-waste) y su mitigación del cambio climático

Researching integrated waste management systems for years and published several articles on sustainability issues for Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE; or e-waste) and Municipal Solid Waste (MSWM) management for both the developed and developed country contexts. My motivation was to tackle these two issues in developing countries where waste management systems are primal. E.g., unsanitary landfilling, open dumpsites, and informal recycling, burning waste are widely seen in several developing countries, especially those with low or min income. For instance, several countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region and some countries in South Asia, Africa, etc. For the developed countries, I studied and evaluated the state of the art of e-waste management systems for several home appliances (or e-products) such as smartphones, TVs, laptops, desktop computers, refrigerators, and washing machines. Assessed the environmental impacts of each management technology (recycling, landfill, and incineration) for the components of these electronic products, such as metals. (Precious and base metals, paper, plastic, printed circuit boards, harmful content of e-products, glass, etc.). These environmental assessments are for 10+ environmental issues of concern. My future research on this theme is to study the environmental impacts of the electronics components in electric devices through modeling techniques, electronic engineering principles, and LCA. Also defined a modern concept of Integrated Waste Management (IWM) and proposed some approaches with integrated thinking and Life-cycle thinking to tackle these issues and understand each waste management technologies’ pros and cons of a specific e-product. In literature, so far, the concept of IWM is often mentioned in journal articles but rarely is seen in practice in such publications. When it comes to developing countries, a significant problem a researcher encounters are the lack of quality data to estimate the quantity of electronic waste products in a specific city or country.

Furthermore, the lack of a proper method can estimate electronic waste generation among the various existing methods. In researching this method, I have reviewed, confirmed all current methods, and developed a proper method for creating and generating electronic waste (e-waste inventory) for developing countries. Based on my research findings on this topic, I determined each method’s validity under what conditions. For the MSWM, I have examined environmentally and economically integrated MSWM scenarios for developing countries’ informers to deal with inappropriate waste handling practices in developing counts for MSWM and WEEE. Example countries of my work include Jordan, Lebanon, and Vietnam. Integrated waste management systems and waste-to-energy can contribute to climate change mitigation, and this research is one of my primary research interests.

Evaluación de la tecnología y política medioambiental

From a sustainability point of view, any technology in any industry must be evaluated based at least on its environmental and economic performance. The addition of the social dimension of innovative technologies can still improve individuals’ lives and societies. The social aspect is a wide range of issues, such as employment opportunities, lower poverty, and an archiving and integrated society. Social integrity in technology development is one of my interests. With that said, environmental policy is another interest in this regard. Driving or setting up new environmental policies based on techno assessing environmental and economic costs and revenues is crucial.

Residuos peligrosos

Los sistemas de RSU y RAEE no son las únicas fuentes de residuos peligrosos, especialmente en los países en desarrollo. Los residuos más duros suponen otra amenaza ominosa para el medio ambiente, la salud pública y el ecosistema, como los residuos sólidos químicos y las aguas residuales químicas. Mis investigaciones sobre sostenibilidad y DS tienen en cuenta estos impactos y preservan los recursos naturales y la salud humana.

Economía circular y eficiencia de los recursos

Research on circular economy and resource efficiency is about transferring the linear (traditional) economy to a circular economy, where natural resources are still in the use loop as much as possible. Here I focus on developing circular economy indicators as we need an approach to measure our progress in moving from the line to the circular. Also interested in the efficient use of resources and products to avoid waste. Research on waste management can also be part of research on the circular economy and is particularly necessary for studies and recycling technologies.

Gestión y planificación de los recursos medioambientales urbanos

The world and cities are rapidly expanding. This growth is often coupled with environmental problems and releases environmental and health risks. Research focuses on urbanization’s environmental impacts, such as increased waste emissions, clean air and water, and growing consumption and demand for energy and resources. Energy studies are thus a vital part of this theme.

Simulación y optimización de procesos químicos

En este tema de investigación, me centro en la síntesis química de las tecnologías químicas verdes, desde el desarrollo y la modelización del proceso, la optimización del mismo y la reducción de energía hasta la evaluación de sus impactos medioambientales reales. Me centro en el punto caliente del proceso en el que los impactos ambientales de un tema como el potencial de calentamiento global (GWP; emisiones de GEI) o la toxicidad pueden reducirse a un nivel aceptable o competitivo en comparación con otras tecnologías. Además, realizo un análisis Y si... para examinar diferentes posibilidades de otras vías de desarrollo de la misma tecnología: seguridad, consumo energético, rendimiento medioambiental y viabilidad económica.

Análisis del flujo de materiales (AFM)

El análisis del flujo de materiales es también un conjunto de herramientas vitales o un enfoque metodológico para apoyar la sostenibilidad con sus capacidades analíticas para cuantificar todos los flujos y existencias de materiales (incluyendo también las sustancias) en un sistema bien definido. Permite a los investigadores considerar aspectos de la actividad humana en diferentes escalas espaciales y temporales, en una ciudad, región, país o a nivel mundial. También es una herramienta valiosa para apoyar el establecimiento de sistemas adecuados de gestión de residuos, sistemas de reciclaje, el desarrollo de una economía circular y la aplicación de sus conceptos.

 

Necesidad total de material (TMR)

The Total Material Requirement (TMR) is an expression of quantification of the total mass of any primary material we need to extract from nature to support human and industrial activities. With that said, it can be referred to as an “aggregated indicator” for both the traditional (linear) economy and the circular one. Again, other research themes presented on this page can be put together in an integrated manner to answer the question: of how human beings can reach a win-to-win solution for today’s most complex environmental issues. These issues, often associated with economic and social aspects, were all are based on the concept of sustainability.

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